On a sunny day recently, I walked the length of Maidan. The day was bright, but shadows of loss were also evident. Small personal shrines honoring the “Heavenly Hundred” lined the square. They had died in the Maidan protests of early 2014. The shrines included pictures, flowers, candles and often rosaries or crosses.
Maidan was not just a political protest; it was a prayerful event in which people of faith sought human dignity. More than 100 protestors were killed in connection with the Maidan demonstrations. Most of them were young. The Church and people of Ukraine continue to honor their sacrifice, especially as they face conflict fomented by Russia in the eastern part of their nation.
Archbishop Malchuk, Bishop of Kyiv-Zhytomyr, told our U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) delegation that half of his Cathedral was turned into a hospital during the Maidan demonstrations. He noted that prayers were regularly offered from the central Maidan stage and participation was multi-confessional. Maidan’s quest for freedom and dignity brought people of diverse religions and ethnicities together as people, as Ukrainians.
Archbishop Joseph Kurtz and Archbishop Blase Cupich, the leaders of our USCCB delegation, consistently reminded the leaders and people of the Church in Ukraine that we are in solidarity with them. Having just celebrated our own Independence Day on the Fourth of July, I am reminded the Maidan is literally Ukraine’s “Independence Square.”
We visited a military hospital where Ukrainian Greek Catholic priests, many expelled from Crimea and the occupied areas in Donetsk and Luhansk, minister to the wounded and their families. One man had lost an arm and thanks to the intervention of our Archbishops with the U.S. Embassy is now headed to Chicago for medical treatment and an advanced prosthetic.
- The Church in Ukraine is a vibrant witness of faith and a tremendous resource to Ukrainian society as the nation seeks to defend human dignity and freedom and to build a transparent and accountable democracy. It deserves encouragement and support, especially for education and humanitarian outreach. The Church faces challenges to religious freedom in the occupied territories of Crimea, Donetsk and Luhansk.
- Church, civil society and government officials view the crisis in eastern Ukraine as a Russian incursion and occupation, not a civil war.
- The conflict in Ukraine has displaced over 1.2 million people and there are tremendous unmet humanitarian needs that require additional aid. We visited displaced families who need help. The Church through Caritas (with the support of Catholic Relief Services) is providing assistance. More is needed.
- Ukraine also needs additional international assistance to improve its economy, reduce high unemployment and meet social needs. Current assistance does not even equal debt payments. Russia hopes Ukraine becomes a failed state; this must not happen.
- Ukraine’s debt needs to be restructured. Over half of the debt was incurred under the three-year rule of Ex-President Yanukovych, who fled to Russia in the wake of the Maidan protests.
- Aid should be provided to Ukraine in ways that reduce corruption, strengthen transparency and accountability to the people, and simultaneously build up governmental and civil society capacity. Ukrainians yearn for a government respectful of human dignity. Don’t we all?